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HOWTO integrate Doctrine 2.X with Zend Framework 1.X


This short tutorial assumes that you already have downloaded Doctrine 2.X archive (with a name similar to DoctrineORM-2.2.2) and you have a Zend project in place.
Also, we're gonna use Doctrine in combination with mysql server, but of course, this might be anything you really want (PostgreSQL, Oracle, etc).

Prepare the files for Doctrine

Unpack the Doctrine archive and copy the Doctrine folder into library folder from the zend project

Modify the configuration file


... = ''
doctrine.conn.user = 'root'
doctrine.conn.pass = 'your_password'
doctrine.conn.driv = 'pdo_mysql'
doctrine.conn.dbname = 'database_name'
doctrine.path.models = APPLICATION_PATH "/models"

Prepare the bootstrapping process

This is where the fun begins. The file might be longer in your project, but I will point out only the parts of interest here (some of them might be already in place in your bootstrap file).
The file is pretty straightforward (even if it looks scary at the first glance); keep in mind that we have a namespace called 'SF_' and our application is called 'storefront'.


class Bootstrap extends Zend_Application_Bootstrap_Bootstrap
    protected function _initConfig()
    	Zend_Registry::set('config', new Zend_Config($this->getOptions()));
    protected function _initAutoload()
        $autoloader = new Zend_Application_Module_Autoloader(array(
            'namespace' => 'SF_',
            'basePath'  => dirname(__FILE__),
        return $autoloader;        
   protected function _initDoctrine() {
        // include and register Doctrine's class loader
        $classLoader = new \Doctrine\Common\ClassLoader(
                    APPLICATION_PATH . '/../library/'
        // create the Doctrine configuration
        $config = new \Doctrine\ORM\Configuration();
        // setting the cache (APC, Memcache, XCache, ArrayCache)
        if ($this->getEnvironment() == 'production') {
            $cache = new \Doctrine\Common\Cache\ApcCache;
        } else {
            $cache = new \Doctrine\Common\Cache\ArrayCache;
        // choosing the driver for our database schema
        // we'll use annotations (but you can use also XML or YAML style)
        $driver = $config->newDefaultAnnotationDriver(
                APPLICATION_PATH . '/models'
        // set the proxy dir and set some options
        $config->setProxyDir(APPLICATION_PATH . '/models/Proxies');
        // create the entity manager based on application.ini
        $database_config = Zend_Registry::get('config')->doctrine;
        $conn = array(
            'driver'    => $database_config->conn->driv,
            'user'      => $database_config->conn->user,
            'password'  => $database_config->conn->pass,
            'dbname'    => $database_config->conn->dbname,
            'host'      => $database_config->conn->host,
            'charset' => $database_config->conn->charset,
        $entityManager = \Doctrine\ORM\EntityManager::create($conn, $config);
        // push the entity manager into our registry for later use
        Zend_Registry::set('em', $entityManager);
        //Zend_Debug::dump($entityManager, 'Entity Manager', true); // optional
        return $entityManager;    

Adapt the CLI Doctrine Tool

Doctrine comes with a tool called doctrine.php (or .bat for windows versions) but we need to process it a little bit to match our project.
Create then a file called doctrine.php under the library folder (where you actually put the Doctrine library in the first place).


define('APPLICATION_ENV', 'development');
define('APPLICATION_PATH', realpath(dirname(__FILE__) . '/../application'));
set_include_path(implode(PATH_SEPARATOR, array(
    realpath(APPLICATION_PATH . '/../library'),
// doctrine setup
require_once 'Doctrine/Common/ClassLoader.php';
$classLoader = new \Doctrine\Common\ClassLoader('Doctrine', APPLICATION_PATH . '/../library');
$classLoader = new \Doctrine\Common\ClassLoader('Symfony', APPLICATION_PATH . '/../library/Doctrine');
$classLoader = new \Doctrine\Common\ClassLoader('Entities', APPLICATION_PATH . '/models');
// Zend Components
require_once 'Zend/Application.php';
// Create application
$application = new Zend_Application(
    APPLICATION_PATH . '/configs/application.ini'
// getting 'em'
$em = $application->getBootstrap()->getResource('doctrine');
// generate the Doctrine HelperSet
$helperSet = new \Symfony\Component\Console\Helper\HelperSet(array(
    'db' => new \Doctrine\DBAL\Tools\Console\Helper\ConnectionHelper($em->getConnection()),
    'em' => new \Doctrine\ORM\Tools\Console\Helper\EntityManagerHelper($em)

Create our first Entity

Under models directory, create a file called Product.php with the following content:


 * @Entity
 * @Table(name="products")
class SF_Model_Product 
     * @Id @Column(type="integer")
     * @GeneratedValue(strategy="AUTO") 
    private $product_id;
     * @Column(type="string", length=50, unique=TRUE)
    private $product_name;
     * @Column(type="date")
    private $product_date;
    public function setName($name) {
       $this->product_name = $name;
       return true;
    public function setDate($date = '') {
         $this->product_date = new DateTime($date);

Use the tool, Luke!

Checking the new toys

$ php doctrine.php orm:schema-tool:create
Creating database schema...
Database schema created successfully!

At this point, you should have a table “products” in your db environment.

Insert some data

Practically, somewhere in the code you'll have this:

Usage example

$product = new SF_Model_Product();
$product->setName("New product with utf8 chars ŞŞŢŢÎÎ");
$product->setDate(); // empty means today, check setDate from SF_Model_Product
$em = Zend_Registry::get('em');
$em->flush(); // this will do the magic

php/zend_1_doctrine_2.txt · Last modified: 2013/03/16 17:40 (external edit)